Menstruation is a natural process that occurs once a month in women. It consists of the peeling of the inner lining of the uterus, the endometrium, which results in bleeding. Usually, the first menstruation occurs between the ages of 9 and 15, with the average age being 12 years, and only stops occurring at menopause, close to 50 years of age.
The female reproductive system works every month to produce and eliminate an egg. The body prepares itself to become pregnant. If the woman does not have contact with a spermatozoon, there will be no fertilization and, about 14 days after the eggs release, menstruation arises. From there, in each month, a new cycle begins, so the uterus prepares itself again for a new ovulation and that is why menstruation descends every month if there isn't fertilization.
1. How long should your period last?
Each period lasts approximately 4 to 7 days, but the interval between one menstruation and another lasts an average 28 days, but can vary from 25 to 45 days, being influenced by factors such as stress, hormonal changes, diseases or the existence of a irregular menstruation. Menstruation lasting 8 days or more is considered prolonged, but if you bleed just one day it can not be considered a period, it is more likely to me an escape bleed.
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2. Is it normal to menstruate twice a month?
It may be normal for your period to come twice a month with shorter cycles, especially in the first few months because the girl's body is still organizing itself on a hormonal level. Your period can also become very irregular after labor, coming more than once in a month in the first menstrual cycles. In older women, these changes can be caused by:
- Uterine myoma;
- Excessive stress;
- Polycystic ovary;
- Ovarian cyst;
- Use of some medications;
- Hormonal and emotional changes;
- Ovarian and tubal surgery.
So if this changes happens too often, it is important to tell a gynecologist the specific days on which the period came and all the associated symptoms so that the cause of the menstrual imbalance can be identified.
3. What can a late period indicate?
Delayed menstruation in women with a sexual active life is usually associated with pregnancy, but this is not always true. Factors such as ovarian cysts, uterine diseases, anemia, psychological changes such as depression and anxiety, changes in routine, poor dietary habits, unbalanced diets or even stress itself of being thinking their pregnant may be responsible for the delay in menstruation. If this happens regularly, for many months, you should seek a gynecologist to better evaluate the possible cause of the delay.
4. What can cause an irregular period?
Irregular menstruation can occur in the first two years after your first period because the body is still learning to deal with hormones, which usually regulates after the age of 15.
However, your period is constantly irregular as is the menstrual flow, it should be analyzed as it may interfere with the ovulation process. Among the most common causes are the presence of tumors, cysts, imbalance in hormone production and stress. Treatment is based on the daily use of pills to regulate menstrual flow, helping to balance any failure of hormone production, but each case should be evaluated by a gynecologist.
5. Is it possible to menstruate during pregnancy?
Menstruation in early pregnancy is very common and can happen in the first three months. It is also called escape bleeding because the female hormones are accustomed to working to cause menstruation, and even being pregnant, sometimes bleeding occurs, which makes the woman to find out later on about the pregnancy.
Other causes that can cause bleeding in pregnancy are:
- Adhesion of the fertilized egg to the wall of the uterus;
- More intense sexual intercourse;
- Performing transvaginal ultrasound or touch examination;
- In cases of assisted reproduction;
- Use of anticoagulant medications, such as heparin or aspirin;
- Presence of fibroids or polyps;
- Infection in the vagina or cervix;
- Beginning of labor if the pregnancy is longer than 37 weeks.
If the bleeding is due to one of these causes, the doctor may recommend resting for a few days and the woman should avoid having sex until the bleeding passes. In some women, especially when the blood volume is very large or accompanied by cramps, it can be a miscarriage and should be treated urgently.
6. How is your period in the post partum phase?
Post partum menstruation will depend on whether or not the woman is breastfeeding. After the baby is born, the woman bleeds and it can last up to 30 days, varying according to each organism and with the circumstances that the woman is subjected to. Mothers who exclusively breastfeed can be without their period for about 1 year, but if they do not breastfeed, they can have regular menstrual cycles the following month after giving birth. It is very common for the period to be irregular when it returns after giving birth, it can come more than once a month or anticipate itself. But within 3 to 6 months it should become more regulated as it was before becoming pregnant.
7. What can a dark period indicate?
Black, brown, or "coffee ground" colored menstruation can occur for a number of reasons, including:
- Change of contraceptive pill;
- Hormonal changes due to medication;
- Stress and psychological factors;
- Sexually transmitted diseases;
- Diseases, such as myomatosis and endometriosis;
- Possible pregnancy.
However, it is also common for the period of some women to become darker in the last 2 days, without being a sign of a problem. Learn more about the 5 main causes for dark period blood.
8. Is menstrual bleeding with clots normal?
Menstruation with clots can happen on days when the flow is very intense, causing the blood to clot before it leaves the woman's body. It is a very common situation, but if you see very large clots or in great quantity it is important to consult your gynecologist. See in which situations your period can come with clots and skin.
9. What does it mean to have a very faint or dark period?
Very faint menstruation, like water, and very strong menstruation, the color of coffee grounds indicate hormonal changes that should be evaluated by a gynecologist.
10. Is menstruation good for your health?
Menstruation is an event that is repeated every month in women of childbearing age, it is not harmful to health and is physiological and expected. It occurs due to the female menstrual cycle, which passes through different moments throughout the month, under normal conditions menstruation does not harm your health, but abundant menstruation in anemic women, can bring more complications, and in this case, for example, it may be indicated to use the continuous-use pill to avoid menstruation