A stye is an inflammation of glands that produce greasy secretions around the eyelashes and occurs when there is a small accumulation of secretions or pus under the eyelid, so the lesion becomes palpable, red and painful. It is also known as hordeolum.
This type of Inflammation can occur due to an abnormal accumulation of the glands secretions, or in conjunction with an infection, caused by bacteria that live on the skin. However, styes are not contagious, and can be treated at home with eye hygiene and warm patches.
The main symptoms of an eye stye are:
- Sensitivity and pain at the edge of the eyelid,
- The appearance of a small rounded area, that is painful and becomes swollen, with a small yellow dot in the center;
- Temperature increases in the region;
- Sensitivity to light and tearing of the eyes;
When the inflammation or infection is more superficial, it is called an external stye. The inner tuck occurs when the lesion is a little deeper, and may be more inflamed and painful.
The inflammation may also turn into a calyx, which has the appearance of an internal stye, but is deeper and larger in size. The main difference between them is that calyx affects deeper glands and therefore their initial symptoms may be more intense and may stay for longer.
What to do if you suspect you have an eye stye
The stye usually does not need any specific remedies to heal and so homemade remedies can help. Following the recommendation below so that it can heal faster:
- Clean the area around the eyes, and do not let too much secretion accumulate;
- Apply warm compresses to the affected area for 10 to 15 minutes, 3 or 4 times a day;
- Do not squeeze or stir too much in the region as it may worsen inflammation;
- Do not wear make-up or contact lenses, to avoid spreading the lesion or it getting bigger, and taking longer to disappear.
The swelling of the stye usually drains alone in about 4 days, not exceeding 1 week. The signs of improvement are decreased swelling, pain and redness. Some cases, however, are more severe and may last longer and the infection can worsen, so be aware of the signs and seek help from a general practitioner.
When to go to the doctor
To identify if the stye is more severe and medical attention is needed, you must be aware of some signs, such as:
- The inflammation spreads over the face, presenting a large red area, that is hot and painful;
- The eyes are very red and irritated;
- Vision is diminished;
- The lesion does not disappear in 7 days.
After evaluation, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic ointment or eye drops, and in some cases the use of oral antibiotics such as cephalexin may be necessary. There are also a few more serious cases where minor surgery may be needed to drain pus from the lesion.