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7 diseases that can cause dizziness and malaise (and what to do)

Frequent dizziness is often associated with ear problems such as labyrinthitis or Meniere's disease, but can also be a sign of diabetes, anemia or even heart problems. Associated with dizziness may also arise other symptoms such as lack of balance, vertigo and feeling that your head is spinning.

In addition to these causes, dizziness may also be a symptom of anxiety attacks, episodes of low blood pressure, vision problems, migraines, or on very hot days, when bathing in very hot water, when you suddenly get up or when you consume alcohol in excess.

So, whenever dizziness is very common or causing a great deal of discomfort it is recommended you go to the GP to identify if there is any problem and start the most appropriate treatment. Some of the most common causes for frequent dizziness and malaise are:

1. Labyrinthitis

7 diseases that can cause dizziness and malaise (and what to do)

Dizziness, vertigo, and lack of balance can be caused by labyrinthitis, which is an inflammation of a part of the ear, known as the labyrinth, which is responsible for hearing and balance. This problem is more common in the elderly, but it can happen at any age, especially in people who are very stressed or have a history of frequent respiratory infections.

What to do: If labyrinthitis is suspected, it is important to see an otolaryngologist or general practitioner to confirm the diagnosis and initiate appropriate treatment. Typically, treatment includes the use of medically indicated medications, such as anti-vertigo for dizziness and vertigo and anti-emetics for vomiting, nausea, and malaise.

2. Menière's disease

7 diseases that can cause dizziness and malaise (and what to do)

This is a relatively rare condition in which the inner ear is affected, so it is very common to feel dizzy associated with the feeling that everything is swirling around. Generally, dizziness occurs during periods, called seizures, which may be more intense on some days than on others.

In addition to dizziness, Menière's disease can also cause hearing loss for some frequencies, which can be confirmed by an audiometry.

What to do: It is recommended you see a general practitioner to identify if there is another cause that may be causing dizziness, or to seek an appointment with an otolaryngologist and to initiate appropriate treatment for Menière's disease which can help reduce the symptoms, although it is not curable. The medication that can be used to relieve the sickness is Promethazine and you should also do some dietary changes.

3. Hypoglycemia

7 diseases that can cause dizziness and malaise (and what to do)

Low blood sugar, known as hypoglycemia, is a condition that can occur most often in patients with diabetes, especially when not properly treated.

In these situations, when the amount of sugar is too low, dizziness and discomfort are common, as well as other symptoms such as falling sensation, cold sweats, tremors or lack of strength, for example. Learn how to identify the first symptoms hypoglicemia.

What to do: If a there is suspicion of hypoglycemia it is recommended you eat a simple carbohydrate-rich food such as a glass of natural juice or 1 sweet bread, for example. If after 15 minutes the symptoms continue or worsen, go to the emergency room. Ideally, diabetes patients should measure blood glucose before and after eating the food.

4. Changes to blood pressure

7 diseases that can cause dizziness and malaise (and what to do)

Both high and low blood pressure can cause dizziness and faintness. However, this symptom is more common when your blood pressure is low, with values below 90 x 60 mmHg.

In addition to dizziness, when pressure is low, other symptoms such as weakness, blurred vision, headache and sleep may also arise. However, it is not always easy to distinguish high from low blood pressure because the symptoms are similar, and the best way to confirm this is by measuring the pressure with a device. See some of the ways to treat low blood pressure.

What to do: Ideally, you should measure your blood pressure to know its value to identify whether it is high or low blood pressure. However, when blood pressure variations are suspected, it is important to consult a general practitioner to identify if there are any problems that need treatment.

5. Anemia

7 diseases that can cause dizziness and malaise (and what to do)

Dizziness and malaise may also be a symptom of anemia, which is when hemoglobin in the blood is below the normal reference range, which can causes a reduction in the amount of oxygen and nutrients reaching the different tissues of the body.

In addition to dizziness, other symptoms are common, including pallor, weakness and excessive fatigue. See the main types of anemia and its symptoms.

What to do: To see if this is anemia, it is recommended you see a general practitioner for a blood test to check hemoglobin values ​​and start treatment if indicated. In most cases, treatment is focused on increasing the amount of iron in the body, so it may be advisable to increase the intake of iron-rich foods such as beans and, in some cases, to take supplements.

6. Heart problems

7 diseases that can cause dizziness and malaise (and what to do)

When you have heart problems, dizziness or discomfort is common, especially due to the difficulty the heart has in pumping blood to the body. However, other symptoms may also arise such as chest pain, leg swelling and shortness of breath, for example. See a list of the 12 signs that may indicate heart problems.

What to do: A cardiologist should be seen whenever a change in the heart is suspected so that tests such as an electrocardiogram or an echocardiogram can be performed to identify the cause and initiate the most appropriate treatment.

7. Use of some medications

7 diseases that can cause dizziness and malaise (and what to do)

Prolonged use of some types of medications, such as seizure, antidepressant, antihypertensive or sedative remedies can cause a side effect that causes dizziness and a feeling of weakness.

What to do: When it is suspected that dizziness is being caused by a drug it is recommended you see the prescribing physician to change the dose or the drug.

When to go to the doctor

It is recommended you go to the GP whenever dizziness arises more than 2 times a day, when it arises more than 3 times a month for no apparent reason or when taking medication to lower blood pressure or to treat depression for example and the dizziness remains. for more than 15 days after starting use, because there are medications that cause dizziness as a side effect.

The doctor can help identify the cause of the dizziness and if treatment is needed the doctor may recommend medication, supplements, surgery or physiotherapy, depending on the disease that causes the symptom.

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