Cough medication have relieve cough symptoms and other ones associated with the problem such as throat irritation, phlegm or shortness of breath. The treatment should be applied according to the type of cough you present and should aim to relieve symptoms and eliminate their cause.
Children's cough medication should be indicated by their pediatrician according to the type of cough they have and their general state of health. Offering medication without medical advice to a child can be harmful to their health.
Dry Cough Medication
Dry cough medication should be recommended by a doctor, who should understand the cause of the cough, in order to prescribe the one that best suits you. The medication may be taken in the form of syrup, drops or pill, and may act on the nervous system in order to control the frequency and intensity of the symptom, relieving throat irritation, or acts in the tracheobronchial area, as an antiallergic and controls bronchospasm.
Some dry and persistent cough medications are:
- Levodropropizine, under the trade names Antux or Zyplo, for example;
- Dropropizine, under the trade name Silbephylline, for example;
- Dextromethorphan, under the trade name of Robitussin, for example;
- Clobutinol hydrochloride;
An excellent remedy when the throat is also inflamed is Benalet in pill form, because it helps alleviate this symptom and treats throat irritation.
Allergic Cough Medication
The most commonly used medication for this type of cough are antihistamines, which can help control this symptom and alleviate allergic symptoms. Some of the medications used may be:
- Loratadine, under the trade names Histadin or Clarilerg, for example;
- Desloratadine, under the trade name Aerius, for example;
- Dexchlorpheniramine maleate.
In addition to the use of these medications, it is important to avoid contact with the allergic substance that can be causing these symptoms, or to avoid them altogether.
Medication for cough with phlegm
This type of medication is intended to make phlegm less viscous and facilitates its elimination by reducing airway obstruction, coughing, and shortness of breath. Coughs with phlegm can be caused by respiratory illnesses like flu, cold, asthma or bronchitis.
Some indicated mucokinetic medication are:
- Ambroxol, under the trade names Mucosol or Kufflin, for example;
- Bromhexine, under the trade names Bromex or Bromolit, for example;
- Guaifenesin, under the trade names Lemsip cough or Phenflu CDX, for example;
- Acetylcysteine, under the trade names Fluimucil or Mucomyst, for example.
In this case, antitussive drugs should not be taken because they prevent the cough reflex, which helps release the accumulated phlegm in the airways, which can aggravate a person's health.
Homeopathic Cough Remedies
These are indicated for treating dry or productive cough, relieving throat irritation, decreasing the viscosity of the secretions and facilitating phlegm. Homeopathic remedies should be indicated by the physician after evaluation of the symptoms presented by the patients.
An excellent homeopathic remedy for cough is Stodal.
Natural remedies for cough
A good natural cough remedy is the date fruit, as it helps to break down the phlegm, softens the irritation of the bronchi and fights fatigue and weakness. Other natural treatments are to ingest fluids regularly to soothe the throat, inhale water vapor, to suck mint or honey mints.
Another great way to naturally treat cough is to take advantage of the aromas of medicinal plants such as eucalyptus, cherry and peppermint.