If you feel a constant urge to go to the bathroom to pee it is a normal symptom if you have drunk a lot of fluids during the day. However, when it arises without a reason it can be a sign of a health problem such as an urinary tract infection, diabetes or even prostate enlargement in men.
Polyuria is the scientific name for excess urine that occurs when you eliminate more than 3 liters of pee in 24 hours. It is more for a person to go to the bathroom often to do small amounts of pee than doing a large amount of urine a day. To clarify this doubt and to be able to verify if the person really is eliminated a lot of pee, the doctor can request 24 hour urine test.
6 common causes for constant urge to urinate
Some situations can cause an increase in the urge to urinate, they are:
1. Drinking a lot of water, coffee or alcoholic beverages
When you drink too much water it is expected that it will be eliminated through the urine and therefore its volume and frequency are expected to increase, being only a normal response of the body, which can also happen after eating foods rich in water, like orange or watermelon.
If you drink too much coffee or other foods that contain caffeine like black tea, chocolate and matte tea, the frequency in which you urinate can also increase, because in addition to having water in it, coffee is diuretic. Another diuretic source is alcohol which is not a good option to take when you are thirsty, because it does not quench your thirst but instead provokes further dehydration.
2. Taking diuretics
Large amounts of urine can be caused by taking diuretic medication such as Furosemide or Aldactone, which may be used to control health problems such as heart disease or high blood pressure when prescribed by your doctor.
3. Urinary infection
A constant or Increased urge to urinate may be caused by a urinary tract infection when other symptoms such as pain or a burning sensation is present while urinating and there is always urgency to urinate. Another characteristic sign is when the person rushes to the bathroom because he needs to pee and when he gets there, he does not have as much urine as he expected, just having a small amount of pee. Learn more in how to treat a urinary tract infection.
4. Too much sugar in the blood
The need to urinate all the time can also occur due to too much sugar in the blood, causing uncontrolled diabetes. The two types of diabetes that can cause a frequent urge to urinate are insipidus diabetes and diabetes mellitus and in both cases there is always an increase in blood sugar and the body tries to eliminate this excess through the urine.
5. Urinary incontinence
Urinary incontinence happens when you can not hold your urine and so you pee several times during the day and sometimes you can not control your urge and wet your underwear before reaching the bathroom. Although it can also happen in men, incontinence is more common in women, especially during pregnancy or after menopause, treatment can be done with Kegel exercises, and in some cases, surgery may be necessary.
6. Enlarged prostate
An enlarged prostate can also leads to an increased urge to urinate and it is common in men over 45 years of age. One of the signs that may give rise to suspicion is having to wake up to pee every night at least 2 times, especially if this was not a habit before.
When to go to the doctor
If you suspect that you have a health problem, you should make an appointment with a general practitioner to have urine and blood tests done to identify the cause of the symptoms you are experiencing, so that appropriate treatment is initiated.