A cervix wound is also scientifically called cervical or papillary ectopy and can be caused by an inflammation of the cervix. Therefore, it has several causes, such as allergies, irritation due to the use of certain products, infections, and may even be caused by hormonal changes throughout a woman's life, including childhood and pregnancy, and can occur in women of all ages.
This type of inflammation may not always cause symptoms, but the most common are discharge, cramp and bleeding, and the treatment can be done with cauterization or with the use of medications or ointments that may help to heal and fight infections. A wound in the uterus can be cured, but if left untreated it can increase in size and even turn into cancer.
What are the symptoms
The symptoms for a wound in the cervix are not always present, but if the appear they can be:
- Residues in your panties;
- Yellowish, white and greenish vaginal discharge;
- Cramps or discomfort in the pelvic region;
- There may be itching and burning sensation while you urinate;
- There may be vaginal bleeding after intercourse.
The diagnosis of a wound in the cervix can be obtained by the pap smear colposcopy, which is an exam where the gynecologist can see the uterus and evaluate the size of the wound. In virgin women, the doctor can observe the discharge when analyzing the panties and by introducing a cotton swab in the region of the vulva, which should not break the hymen.
How to treat
To treat wounds in the uterus you can use gynecological creams, which are healing or hormone-based, which may facilitate the healing of the lesion and should be applied daily for the duration determined by the doctor. Another option is to perform cauterization of the wound, which can be a laser or with the use of chemicals.
If it is caused by an infection such as candidiasis, chlamydia, or herpes, for example, specific anti-fungal, antibiotic and anti-viral medications prescribed by the gynecologist should be used to fight the microorganism.
In addition, women who have a wound in the uterus are at greater risk of becoming infected with diseases, so they should follow greater cautions, such as the use of a condom and HPV vaccination.
To identify the lesion as early as possible and reduce health risks, it is important that all women see a gynecologist at least once a year, and whenever there are symptoms such as vaginal discharge, you should seek medical help immediately.
The possible causes for a cervical lesion are not fully known, but may be linked to untreated inflammation and infection, such as:
- Changes to hormonal levels during childhood, adolescence or menopause;
- Uterine changes during pregnancy;
- Injury after childbirth;
- Allergy to the products of the condom or internal absorbents;
- Infections such as HPV, Chlamydia, Candidiasis, Syphilis, Gonorrhea, Herpes.
The main way to get an infection in this region is through intimate contact with a contaminated partner, especially when a condom is not used. Another possible reason is having many intimate partners and not maintaining proper intimate hygiene also facilitate the development of a wound.
Can a cervical wound make getting pregnant difficult?
A wound in the cervix can make becoming pregnant difficult, because it can alter vaginal pH and the sperm may not reach the uterus, or because bacteria can reach the fallopian tubes and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. However, mild injuries usually do not interfere with pregnancy.
This disease can also happen during pregnancy, which is common due to hormonal changes in this period and should be treated as soon as possible, as inflammation and infection can reach the inside of the uterus, infecting amniotic fluid and also the baby, causing there to be a risk of abortion, preterm birth, and even an infection in the baby, which can have complications such as delayed growth, difficulty breathing, changes in the eyes and ears.
Can a cervical lesion cause cancer?
A wound in the uterus usually does not usually cause cancer, and is normally treated with treatment. However, in cases of rapidly growing wounds, and when treatment is not performed properly, the risk of it becoming cancer increases.
In addition, the chance of a wound in the uterus turning cancer is greater when it is caused by the HPV virus. Cancer is confirmed through a biopsy performed by the gynecologist, and treatment should be started as soon as the diagnosis is confirmed, with surgery and chemotherapy.