Toothache remedies can help relieve local pain and inflammation, so in most cases they may be a definitive solution, especially during the growth of your wisdom teeth, without having to consult a dentist.
However, when toothache persists for more than 2 days after starting treatment with this type of medication, it is recommended you see a dentist to evaluate the affected tooth and initiate appropriate treatment, which may include the use of antibiotics in cases of infection, for example.
The most commonly used remedies for toothache include:
- Local anesthetic remedies, such as benzocaine ointment or lidocaine: which help numb the nerves of the tooth, allowing very rapid pain relief;
- Analgesic remedies, such as Paracetamol: have properties that help relieve mild to moderate pain;
- Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Ibuprofen, Naproxen, or Aspirin: reduce pain and inflammation in the gum area where the tooth is and are therefore most commonly used in cases of constant pain caused by the growth of wisdom teeth.
However, before using any of these medications, it is important to seek a physician or dentist to guide the dosage and time of ingestion, adjusting them to your medical history, in order to avoid side effects and drug interactions, especially if you are being treated with anticoagulants and therefore cannot take aspirin, for example.
In cases of toothaches during pregnancy, the only recommended medication is paracetamol, which is a painkiller widely used during gestation to relieve pain.
When to go to the dentist
It is recommended to see a dentist whenever toothache arises, however, situations that need more attention include:
- Pain that does not improve after 2 days;
- Fever above 38ºC;
- Arising symptoms of infection, such as swelling, redness or changes in your palate;
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing.
When a toothache is not treated properly it can result in a widespread infection and hospitalization may be needed for you to be treated with intravenous medication.