During pregnancy, special care must be taken with feeding, as several foods can impair the development of the baby and the health of the pregnancy.
In addition to toxic substances such as alcohol and excess sugar, foods such as raw fish and poorly washed fruits and vegetables should be avoided as they may be contaminated with microorganisms that affect the baby.
Here's a list of foods that should be avoided during this phase of life.
1. Raw fish and underdone meat
Raw fish such as sushi and undercooked meats should be avoided because they may be contaminated with listeria bacteria, which can cause miscarriage and premature birth, or with diseases such as cysticercosis, which can affect the nervous system and impair the functioning of the baby's brain.
2. Raw eggs
Raw and poorly done eggs should be avoided because they may contain salmonella bacteria, which can cause severe diarrhea, vomiting, fever, and death.
Therefore, it is also important to avoid consuming desserts, sauces and homemade spices that use raw eggs in the recipe, such as homemade mayonnaise and Caesar sauce.
3. Unpasteurized milk
Unpasteurized milk, such as milks coming directly from sites or farms, should be avoided because they contain high numbers of bacteria that cause intestinal infections, diarrhea and malaise.
Therefore, you must always consume pasteurized milks or UHT milk, which undergo treatments at elevated temperatures to eliminate the microorganisms that may be present in the food.
4. Unpasteurized cheeses
Unpasteurized cheeses such as brie, camembert, gorgonzola and Danish blue, contain lots of water and may have listeria bacteria, which can cause headaches, tremors, convulsions and meningitis, also affecting the baby's nervous system and, in the most severe cases, leading to death.
5. Poorly washed fruits and vegetables
Poorly washed fruits and vegetables are sources of contamination of toxoplasmosis disease, which can cause miscarriage, premature birth, malformations and the baby's death.
Therefore, all vegetables should be well washed before consumption, and avoid ingesting raw vegetables outside your home.
6. Canned tuna
Fish such as tuna, mackerel, swordfish, cacao and grouper should be avoided during pregnancy because they contain high levels of mercury, which may impair the proper development of the fetal nervous system.
Therefore, fish such as sardines, trout, herring, hake, mackerel and nursery tuna should be preferred as they are safer for the health of the pregnant woman and the baby.
Some studies show that too much caffeine can cause miscarriages, so it is recommended that pregnant women consume at most 300 mg of caffeine per day, which is equivalent to 2 or 3 cups of coffee.
8. Foods that contain caffeine
To avoid excess caffeine, foods containing this substance should also be avoided by pregnant women, such as cola, green tea, black tea and mate tea.
Although most sweeteners are safe for health, pregnant women should avoid artificial sweeteners such as cyclamate and aspartame, preferring natural sweeteners based on sucralose or stevia, which are safe for the baby even in high amounts.
10. Alcoholic beverages
Alcoholic beverages should be avoided because alcohol accumulates in the body of the fetus, which does not have the ability to remove this substance from the body, which can cause premature delivery, delayed growth and heart malformations.
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